Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Zenion hololepis, Dwarf Dory

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eye v large, > snout
mouth large, oblique, v protrusible
D VI-VII, 25-32; A I (weak), 23-28
pelvics I (long, serrated), 6, > pectorals



Zenion hololepis (Goode & Bean, 1896)

Dwarf Dory

Body an elongate oval, strongly compressed; eye large (48-53% head length); head bones thin and soft; mouth large, oblique, lower jaw projecting, top jaw highly protrusible; teeth on jaws few, minute, conical, none on roof of mouth; lower gill rakers 14-16, dorsal fin VI-VII (2nd longest), 25-28; anal fin I (weak), 23-28; tail fin 11 branched rays; rays of other fins unbranched; pectoral 15-17, much shorter than head; pelvics I (long, slender, serrated), 6, fins widely separated and much longer than pectorals; scales minute, along bases of dorsal and anal fins.

Pink above, silvery below; dorsal fin with black patch at tip of front spines; tail fin pink.

Reaches 12 cm.

On deep mud or sand-mud bottoms.

Depth range: 180-825 m.

Worldwide, in warm temperate to tropical areas; the NE US to southern Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12
Depth Range Min
  • 180
Depth Range Max
  • 825