Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Beryx decadactylus, Broad Alfonsino, Red Bream, Red Bream Alfonsino

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body depth 44-50% SL
head: 4 pairs spines
pelvics I, 9-10
A origin under center D base
D 16-20
LL 61-73



Beryx decadactylus Cuvier, 1829

Red Bream, Broad Alfonsino, Red Bream Alfonsino

Body oval, compressed, greatest depth 44-50% of SL; head large; eye very large, (14.4-17.2% SL), much wider than snout length; top of head with large sensory canals covered by thin skin, separated by thin ridges; 4 pairs of spines on head (over eye, front and side of snout, lower cheek); mouth large, oblique, not reaching under rear edge of eye, top jaw expanded at rear; teeth small, simple; preopercle edge without spines; 1 dorsal fin, III-V (front low), 16-20, front 3 soft rays may form a long filament in some individuals; anal fin III-IV, 25-30, its origin under middle of dorsal fin base; pelvic I, 9-10, rays may form a long filament in some individuals. tail fin deeply forked; scales spiny; cheeks and opercle covered by scales; lateral line 61-73 pored scales, the last few on the tail fin.

Head and body bright red above, silvery to yellowish silver below; fins bright red.

Reaches 82 cm; at least 8.9 kg.

Bottom and near bottom on the continental shelf and slope.

Depth range: 150-1000 m.

Worldwide in subtropical and warm temperate areas, except the E Pacific and Mediterranean; NE US to northern S America.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 82
Depth Range Min
  • 150
Depth Range Max
  • 1000