Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Carcharodon carcharias, Great White Shark, White Shark

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snout cónical
D1 origin over pectoral margin
teeth triangular, serrated

Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)

White Shark, Great White Shark

Fusiform, robust body; snout conical, blunt, with nostrils on sides; mouth large, round; teeth few, sharp, triangular, serrated on top jaw; 5 large gill slits, all before pectoral fin; first dorsal fin large, triangular, origin over rear of base of pectoral fin; second dorsal fin very small; anal fin very small, origin under rear of base of second dorsal fin; tail almost symmetrical, half-moon shaped; tail base very depressed, with large keel that extends onto tail itself.

Back grey-brown, blue-grey, to blackish; abrupt changing to white/pale grey belly; eye black; underside of tips of fins black, usually a black spot where rear edge of fin joins body.

Size: reaches ~ 600 cm; at least 1554 kg. Max age >70 y

Habitat: coastal, inshore to oceanic.

Depth: 0-1280 m.

Circumglobal, cold-temperate to tropical; in the NW Atlantic from Newfoundland to the northern edge of our region.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Sharks/rays
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Sea snakes/mammals/turtles/birds
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
  • Appendix II
  • Listed
Length Max
  • 600
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 1280