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Species: Stellifer gomezi, Longspine Croaker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

relatively slender
pale body & fins
preopercle 12 spines
D 22-24
gill rakers 6-7 + 11-13
A 6-7, 2nd spine thick, long
LL 50-51

Stellifer gomezi Cervigón, 2011

Longspine Croaker

Body oblong, robust, with humped back, maximum body depth 27.6 -31% (usually <30%) of SL; head low and short, cavernous but firm to touch on top; distance between eyes 7.3-7.5% SL; snout overhangs small, horizontal mouth; teeth on lower jaw simple, in bands; chin without barbell; preopercle with 12 spines, the largest at the angle; gill rakers 6-8 + 11-13, slender; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal rays IX-X + I, 22-24; anal rays II, 7 (6-7), 2nd spine stout and long, =/> 1st ray; pectoral fin 21.5-24% SL; tail fin long, bluntly pointed; scales on body and all or most of head rough; soft dorsal and anal fins with 1-2 rows of scales along their bases and small scales on membranes for 3/4 distance from base; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin. lateral line pores 50 (50-51)

Silvery grey body and fins; pectoral and pelvics with a yellow wash; inside gill chamber blackish

Size: grows to 18 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters on sandy mud bottoms.

Depth: 1-50 m.

SE Caribbean to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 50