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Species: Gramma dejongi, Cuban basslet, Cuban gramma

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

yellow
front D: black & purple ocellus
pelvics purple

Gramma dejongi Victor & Randall, 2010

Cuban gramma

Elongate, compressed body; eye large, snout short; mouth at front; teeth on jaws, and front and sides of roof of mouth; preopercle serrated; opercle with 2 short, flat spines; gill rakers long, 15-35; dorsal fin XII, 10; anal fin III, 10; pectorals rounded, 16; pelvics I, 5, with 1st ray elongated, sometimes reaching past anal fin base; short rays on upper and lower base of tail fin not thick and spiny; lateral line in two parts, upper part ending under end of dorsal fin base, lower part on tail base, 35-37 + 13-15

Head and body golden yellow; magenta along under center of jaws, throat and base of pelvic fins; dorsal fin yellow, with a magenta bordered black blotch on front 3-4 spines; anal fin yellow, with a faint magenta stripe along outer 2/3 of fin; pelvic fins magenta, with a dark line along second soft ray.

Reaches  4.5 cm.

Lives on reef dropoffs.

Depth range: 10-30 m.

Southern Cuba & the Cayman Is.

Note: Genetic barcodes of G. dejongi and G. loreto are identical according to Victor & Randall (2010), indicating very recent speciation.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s) only
  • Antilles endemic
  • Island (s)
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 4.5
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 30