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Species: Steindachneria argentea, Luminous Hake

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body tapers to long thin point
D1 short base, high
D2 long base, low
no C
all lower head & body: luminous tissue
anus between pelvics
A: similar form to Ds

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Steindachneria argentea Goode & Bean, 1896

Luminous hake

Body elongate, rounded, tapering to a long, thin point; eye large; gill openings wide, extending above pectoral fins; mouth large, extends to under center of eye, opens at front; no chin barbell; 2 dorsal fins, 1st short based and triangular I, 7-9,  spine with  a long filament, second long based, extends to end of tail, 123+ rays; anal fin  long base, deeply notched, with high short-based front section with 10-12 rays, and a very low long-based rear section with 109-111 rays that extends to end of tail; pelvic fins small, each of 8 rays, under base of pectorals, 1st ray elongate; no tail fin; anus between bases of pelvic fins; scales small, smooth; lateral line complete; luminous tissue over entire lower surface of body and head, on pectoral bases and operculum, this marked by bars.  

Silvery, abdomen blackish; inside mouth dark.

Reaches 30 cm.

On and near soft bottoms.

Depth range: 100-1316 m.

The Gulf of Mexico to French Guiana.

    


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Continental primarily
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 100
Depth Range Max
  • 1316