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Species: Cathorops kailolae, Kailola's Sea Catfish, Papillate Sea Catfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

tip snout to D origin: 33.1-38%
snout 6-8.6% SL
fins dark, especially edges
gill rakers: 1st arch 14-16, 2nd 13-16
fleshy papillae between gill rakers
A 21

Cathorops kailolae Marceniuk & Betancur, 2008

Papillate Sea Catfish, Kailola's Sea Catfish

Head moderate to long, depressed, 22.8-26.4% of SL, tip of snout to D origin 33.1-38% SL; snout short, 6.0-8.6% of SL; shield on top of head rough, covered with thin skin; a deep, well defined groove along center-top of head; bony process between head shield and dorsal fin base long and narrow behind; distance from tip of snout to dorsal fin origin 33.1-38% of SL; plate at base of dorsal fin a short, wide crescent; eye large, 4.6-6.6% of SL; 2 pairs of close-set nostrils; no fleshy furrow extends across snout and connects rear nostrils; 3 pairs of barbells (on chin and both jaws), to barbell reaching past pectoral spine base; mouth narrow, lower jaws arched, lips thick; roof of mouth with 1 pair of small, well separated, elongate and narrow tooth patches with a few molariform teeth, tooth patches considerably larger in females; jaw teeth in several rows, front teeth smaller than back, which are molar-like; gill opening restricted to sides by adhesion of gill membranes to breast; gill rakers 14-16 on first arch, 13-16 on second arch, present on rear surfaces of first two gill arches; gill rakers of first two arches with fleshy papillae between them; rear edges of pectoral spines with long, conspicuous serrations; anal fin 21 rays; tail fin deeply forked; a complete lateral line, with branches to top and bottom base of tail fin, no scales.

Preserved fish brownish, paler below; fins dark, especially near edges.

Reaches 35 cm.

Primarily freshwater but also in marine conditions.

Depth range: 1-10 m?

Campeche Bay, Mexico and Guatemala.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Insects
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Brooded
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 35
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 10