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Species: Cathorops higuchii, Higuchi’s sea-catfish

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head shield few granules
D spine > pectoral spine
fins & barbels pale
gill rakers: 1st arch 18-21, 2nd 17-21
rear of pectoral spine - inconspicuous serrations
A 18-21

Cathorops higuchii Marceniuk & Betancur-R., 2008

Higuchi’s sea-catfish

Head moderately long and depressed, 23.3-28.5% of SL; snout short, 6.1-8% of SL; shield on top of head short and slightly granulated, covered with thin skin; a deep, well defined groove along center-top of head; bony process between head shield and dorsal fin base short and wide behind; distance from tip of snout to dorsal fin origin 32.3-38.8% of SL; plate at base of dorsal fin a long, wide crescent; eye small, 3.3-4.4% of SL; 2 pairs of close-set nostrils; no fleshy furrow extends across snout and connects rear nostrils; 3 pairs of barbells (on chin and both jaws), top barbell reaching past pectoral spine base; mouth broad, lower jaws arched, lips thick; roof of mouth with 1 pair of oval, moderately large, well separated, oval tooth patches with large molariform teeth, tooth patches considerably larger in females; jaw teeth in several rows, front teeth smaller than back, which are molar-like; gill opening restricted to sides by adhesion of gill membranes to breast; gill rakers 18-21 on first arch, 17-21 on second arch, present on rear surfaces of first two gill arches; gill rakers  of first two arches without fleshy papillae between them; dorsal fin spine long and slender, longer than pectoral fin spine; pectoral spine long and slender, rear edge with short, inconspicuous serrations; anal fin 18-21 rays; tail fin deeply forked; a complete lateral line, with branches to top and bottom base of tail fin, no scales.

Preserved fish brownish, paler below; fins and barbells pale.

Reaches 35 cm.

Lower reaches of rivers and shallow coastal areas.

Depth range: 1-10 m?

SW Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Insects
Egg Type
  • No pelagic larva
  • Brooded
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Caribbean endemic
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 35
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 10