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Species: Enchelyopus cimbrius, Fourbeard rockling

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

front nostril - long barbel
snout - central barbel
3 Ds: long ray + low ridge + long-based low fin
chin: 1 barbel

Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1766)

Fourbeard rockling

Body cylindrical, elongate, tapering to the tail base; mouth slightly under snout, lower jaw shorter than upper; a barbell at each front nostril, 1 on tip of snout and 1 on chin; dorsal fin in 3 parts: a single long ray above end of operculum, a low fleshy ridge of very short rays in a shallow groove, a long-based section with 45-52 segmented rays; 1 anal fin, long based, 37-41; pectorals well developed; tail fin well developed, rounded; pelvics under edge of operculum, non-filamentous, short, with 5-7 rays.

Olive brown above, with small brown spots, paler below; 3rd dorsal fin with 1-4 elongate black blotches; lower 1/3 of tail fin black; rear of anal fin black. Juveniles silvery.

Reaches 41 cm.

Live on sand and mud bottoms.

Depth range: 20-900 m, mainly below 200 m; juveniles pelagic.

E & W Atlantic; Greenland to the northern Gulf of Mexico.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends North of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 41
Depth Range Min
  • 20
Depth Range Max
  • 900