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Species: Rivulus garciai, Garcia’s rivulus

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body: many small black spots
strong ocellus above pectoral base
ocellus - top rear tail base
A 14
lateral scales 36

Rivulus garciai de la Cruz and Dubitsky, 1976

Garcia’s rivulus

Body elongate, cylindrical; head flattened; sensory system on top of head with grooves and exposed pads rather than pores; covering of eye partly continuous with skin of head; mouth slightly upturned, at front, short, not reaching under eye, top jaw extendible; teeth small, weak, conical; front nostril in a forward projecting tube that extends beyond front profile of head, rear nostril a small slit before and above eye; 9 lower gill rakers; fins without spines, although 1st ray may be unbranched; dorsal fin at rear of body, its origin over end of base of anal fin, 8 rays, edge rounded; anal fin 14, edge rounded; pelvics on abdomen, at rear, 6 rays; pectorals rounded, on mid-side, 13; tail fin rounded, 30-31 rays; body with smooth scales, 36 along side; lateral line reduced to sensory pits along side of body; fertilization internal, with eggs then being laid.

Preserved fish: Grey brown with many small black spots, especially on the tail base and mid-flank; a small diffuse ocellus on the top of the base of the tail fin; a well developed ocellus above base of pectoral fin; rows of dark dots form 3 stripes on dorsal fin, 4 stripes on anal fin and 4 bars on tail fin.

Reaches 3.3 cm

Lives in intertidal high salinity rock pools.

Depth range 0-2 m.


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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Mangrove
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species.
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s) only
  • Antilles endemic
  • All species..
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 3.3
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 2