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Species: Pterengraulis atherinoides, Wingfin Anchovy

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top jaw, just reaches lower jaw articulation
pectorals long, reach past pelvic base
base of gill arches with teeth
12-14 gill rakers
A long base, origin before D origin



Pterengraulis atherinoides (Linnaeus, 1766)

Wingfin Anchovy

Elongate, body depth 22-28% of SL; snout prominent, conical, projecting, short (~2/3 eye diameter); rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; top jaw bluntly rounded, almost to or to lower jaw articulation; teeth on jaws short and even; hyoid bones at base of gill arches with small patches of teeth; lower gill rakers 12-14; dorsal fin short, far back on body; anal fin with long base, 28-32 branched rays, origin just before dorsal fin origin; pectoral fins large and long, reaching past pelvic base.

A silver stripe along flank, broad at front, narrow over the anal fin.

Reaches 30 cm.

Estuarine and freshwater.

Depth range: 0-10 m?

The Orinoco river to the Amazon.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10