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Species: Etelis oculatus, Queen Snapper

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elongate, fusiform
uniforme red
flat between eyes
D X, 11, deep notch
soft D & A not scaled, last ray v elongate
top jaw scaled

Etelis oculatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1828)

Queen Snapper

Elongate, fusiform; space between eyes flattened; top jaw moderately protrusible, slips under cheek bone for most of its length when mouth is closed; jaw teeth small, conical, frequently 1-2 pairs of canines at front; front and sides of roof of mouth with small conical teeth; tooth patch on roof of mouth V shaped, rarely almost triangular;16-18 lower gill rakers; dorsal fin X, 11 (rarely 10), deeply notched between spines and rays; anal fin III, 8; last dorsal and anal fin rays longer than rays before them; pectorals long and pointed, slightly <head, 15-17 rays; tail deeply forked; scales medium sized, 47-53 on lateral line; body, cheek and operculum scaly; snout, below eye and lower jaw scale-less; top jaw scaled; dorsal and anal fins scaleless.

Upper head and body red to deep pink, paler pink below; fins pink except spiny dorsal; tail fin red.

Reaches 95 cm.

On rocky bottoms at 100-533 m.

N Carolina to Brazil.

Note: closely related to E coruscans from the Indo-Pacific, which evidently colonized the Atlantic quite recently.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Pelagic crustacea
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 95
Depth Range Min
  • 100
Depth Range Max
  • 533