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Species: Gambusia punctata, Cuban Gambusia, Spotted Gambusia

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4-5 rows black dots along scale rows, central row - > dark line
D, C & pectoral yellow
A&pelvics bluish
Cuba, Belize, S Florida
male: pectoral 5th ray scalloped, sex organ - no palp, + hooks above tip

Gambusia punctata Poey, 1854

Cuban Gambusia, Spotted Gambusia

Head and body moderately robust, moderately compressed at rear; head depressed; front nostril not tubular; covering of eye not continuous with skin of head; mouth small, opens at front, slightly oblique, lower jaw slightly projecting, top jaw protractile; jaw teeth consist of an outer row of large backward curved teeth, and several rows of small pointed teeth; 1 dorsal fin with short base, at rear of body, 9 or less rays; anal fin origin distinctly before dorsal fin origin in both sexes; pelvic origin well behind pectoral base, near anal fin, tips of fins of males not swollen; pectorals high on flank, modified in male, with 5th ray scalloped near its tip; 3rd anal ray unbranched; anal fin modified in male to form an elongate sex organ, with tip curved upwards and with recurved hooks on its top side, without a fleshy palp; tail base relatively narrow; tail fin rounded; scales smooth and relatively large.

Pale tan, belly whitish; body with 4-5 rows of small dark spots along scale rows, those on upper body strongest, the central row may form a dark line anteriorly; dorsal and tail fins yellowish, with rows of small dark spots; pectoral fins yellowish; pelvics and anal fin with bluish tint.

Reaches 8 cm, males about half size of females.

Mainly freshwater, in streams up to 600 m above sea level, but also in brackish water.

Depth: 0-1 m.

Cuba, S Florida, and Hispaniola

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Detritivore
  • Data
  • Detritus
  • Insects
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Insular primarily
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 8
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 1