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Species: Lucifuga lucayana, Lucayana Cave Brotula

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

rear top head - scales center & sides
eye 0.9-1% SL
D 84-91
A 63-69
C 10
long gill rakers - pale

Lucifuga lucayana Møller, Schwarzhans, Ilieffe & Nielsen, 2006

Lucayana Cave Brotula

Body elongate, tapering to a narrow tail base; head deep at rear, snout depressed, forehead profile concave; top of head cavernous; eye small (0.9-1.0% of SL); top jawbone vertically expanded at rear, a small downpointing knob near lower rear corner; top jaw with 5-7 rows of granular teeth, lower jaw with 3-6 rows; center of roof of mouth with horse-shoe shaped arrangement of 2-3 rows of teeth; sides of roof of mouth toothless; no central tooth patch at bottom of gill arches; 13-17 gill rakers: 3-5 broad plates + 1 long raker above, then 0-1 small plates, 2 long rakers with a small plate between them, then 6-8 small plates; dorsal rays 84-91; anal rays 63-69; pectoral base broader than long, pectoral 17-18; anal fin origin behind midpoint of body; tail fin 10 rays, fin almost unconnected to dorsal and anal fins; lateral line in 2 overlapping parts, front part on upper body, lower part along midside, 12-13 + 34-35; body covered with regularly overlapping scales; head with scales; rear of top of head with scales in center and sides; male penis without bone-reinforced pseudoclaspers.

Uniform light brown; 3 long gill rakers pale.

Reaches 10.8 cm.

Caves with a mixture of fresh and saltwater.

Depth range: 12-20 m.

The Bahamas.

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  • Brackish
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Bahamas endemic
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Endangered
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10.8
Depth Range Min
  • 12
Depth Range Max
  • 20