Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Ophidion dromio, Shorthead Cusk-eel

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head short, bulbous
snout - 1 spine
2 body profiles parallel
D 119-125
A 98-100
uniform brown
D & A black edges
gill rakers 0+4

Ophidion dromio Lea & Robins, 2003

Shorthead Cusk-eel

Elongate, compressed; upper and lower body profiles parallel for most of length; head compressed, short, blunt, bulbous, tissue on top of head often flaccid and inflated; snout short, steeply rounded, only slightly overhanging mouth, but not distinctly protruding, with a short, blunt, finger-shaped spine projecting down towards its tip; no pores on head except for 2 near front of lower jaw; gill rakers – 2 rudiments above, 4 short developed rakers below; operculum with a strong, hidden spine; dorsal and anal fins continuous with tail fin; dorsal fin 119-125 (116-129); anal fin 98-100 (92-102); pectoral fin 19-21; pelvic fins (each with 2 rays of unequal length) inserted under eye, short, longest ray reaching under front 1/3 of operculum; scales smooth, elongate, not overlapping, at right angles rather than regular series, none on head; lateral line along most of body.

Uniform pale brown; outer edges of anal and dorsal fins black, especially at front.

Reaches 20.4 cm.

Benthic on sand and mud bottoms.

Depth range: 51-183 m, usually < 100 m.

S Carolina to Guyana, also in Brazil.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20.4
Depth Range Min
  • 51
Depth Range Max
  • 183