Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Brachyplatystoma vaillantii, Laulao catfish, the Piramutaba

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

25-31 gill rakers
A base > D2 base

Brachyplatystoma vaillantii (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840)

Laulao catfish, Piramutaba

Body elongate, rounded, snout and head  depressed;  head with a bony shield; front and rear nostrils well separated; eye small (~1/5 snout length), on upper side of head; rear nostril without a flap along its front edge; mouth only slightly under snout; large patches of teeth on sides of roof of mouth; 3 pairs of barbels, top barbel very long, reaching to end of tail; 25-31 gill rakers; 1st dorsal fin large, with short base, 1st spine short, 2nd spine long and pungent; large skin flap 2nd dorsal fin present; anal fin behind dorsal fin base, base short, distinctly  greater than  2nd dorsal base; pectoral fin very low on side, with large, lockable spine; tail fin deeply forked; lateral line complete; no scales.

Bluey grey brown above, silvery below (no spots on body); fins grey.

Reaches 150 cm.

Freshwater; juveniles and subadults also in estuaries.

Depth range: 1-30 m?

The Gulf of Paria, Venezuela, to northern Brazil.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Freshwater
  • Non Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • Data
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
Regional Endemism
  • All species..
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent only
  • Also in Brazil
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 150
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30