Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Promethichthys prometheus, Roudi Escolar

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elongate, compressed
long head; large eye
D XVII-XVIII, deep notch, long base
D & A 2 finlets behind
no pelvics; A no free spines
1 LL, bends down over pectoral

Promethichthys prometheus (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1832)

Roudi Escolar

Moderately elongate, compressed; head long, pointed, top profile straight; eye large, round; mouth large, horizontal, opens at front, lower jaw slightly projecting; teeth large, conical, large fangs at front top jaw; dorsal fin with long base, XVII-XVIII, a deep notch between 2 parts, 2 finlets after; anal II without free spines at front, 2 finlets at end; pelvics absent in adults, a single tiny spine in juveniles; tail forked; 1 lateral line, abruptly bends down above rear part of pectoral fin; large fish with body entirely scaled.

Grey to coppery brown; fins blackish in large fish, yellowish with black tips in small fish.

Reaches 114 cm.

Near bottom on the continental slope around islands and seamounts.

Depth range: 80-940 m.

Tropical and subtropical in all oceans; Newfoundland to S Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Pelagic crustacea
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 114
Depth Range Min
  • 80
Depth Range Max
  • 940