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Species: Pristipomoides macrophthalmus, Cardinal Snapper

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elongate oval
D & A no scales, last rays filamentous
pink; D edge yellow; C edge red
gill rakers 19-25
roof mouth - tooth patch in V
LL 54-57

Pristipomoides macrophthalmus (Müller & Troschel, 1848)

Cardinal Snapper

Body a moderately deep elongate oval (depth at origin of dorsal fin 32-39% of SL), fusiform; flattened between eyes; mouth relatively large, top jaw moderately protrusible, slips under cheek bone for most of its length when mouth is closed; one or more rows of pointed conical teeth on jaws, with enlarged canines at front; teeth on front and sides of roof of mouth numerous, small and slender; center of roof of mouth with V shaped tooth patch; gill rakers 6-8+13-17; dorsal fin continuous, not notched between spiny and soft parts, X, 11; anal fin III, 8; last ray of dorsal and anal fins conspicuously longer than preceding rays, usually produced in a filament; pectorals long, about 2/3 head length, 15-17 rays; tail fin forked; scales medium-sized to small; body, cheek and operculum scaly; snout, below eye and both jaws scale-less; dorsal and anal fins scaleless; lateral line scales 54-57.

Pink, paler below; dorsal fin with yellow border; caudal fin with red rear edge.

Reaches 50 cm.

Nearbottom on soft and semi-hard bottoms.

Depth range: 100-611 m.

Bermuda to E Venzuela, also in Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 50
Depth Range Min
  • 100
Depth Range Max
  • 611