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Species: Gymnothorax conspersus, Saddled Moray

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout blunt, jaws short
head & body white spotted above & below
D: black + white saddles
tail dark + large white spots
top jaw 3 pores
teeth triangular, serrated, no canines

Gymnothorax conspersus Poey, 1867

Saddled Moray

Body elongate, compressed at rear; tail tapering head and trunk shorter than to slightly >1/2 TL; snout moderate and blunt; eye over middle of mouth; front nostril a simple tube; rear nostril a hole, with a raised rim, sometimes with small flaps, slits or frills, at level of profile of head; mouth short, lower jaw straight, closes completely; teeth large, triangular, compressed, serrated, no long canines, in single series on jaws; top front of mouth with 0 (0-1) central teeth and 4 teeth on each side, then 8-11 main jaw teeth on each side; back of roof of mouth with 0 (0-3) small, hidden teeth; lower jaw with 13-18 teeth on each side; 3 pores along top jaw; gill opening round; dorsal and anal fins covered with skin, but evident; dorsal fin origin on head, before gill opening.

Dark blackish-brown, paler on head, shading to darker on tail; head and trunk with scattered small white spots, those increasing in size and decreasing in abundance to rear, ending in 1 row of large, round spots at rear of tail; some fish with a row of larger spots along mid-body; dorsal fin black with regular white saddles along the entire fin; anal fin dark.

Reaches 110 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms.

Depth range: 20-804 m, usually below 200 m.

N Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 110
Depth Range Min
  • 50
Depth Range Max
  • 804