Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Antigonia combatia, Shortspine Boarfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body depth 63- 83% SL
D IX-X, 26-30; A II-III, 23-28
pectoral 12 (rarely 13)
pelvics short (not to A)

Antigonia combatia Berry & Rathjen, 1959

Shortspine Boarfish

Body deep (depth 62-83% SL), rhomboidal, strongly compressed; upper and lower body profiles convex; head small, with radiating bony ridges; forehead profile slightly concave; a distinct crest along nape; eye relatively large; mouth small, oblique, opens at front, top jaw protrusible; 18-20 gill rakers; dorsal fin continuous, IX (rarely X) spines, 3rd longest, 26-30; anal fin II-III spines, 1st longest, 23-27, spines separate from rays; soft dorsal and anal fins with long bases, scaly sheaths; pectoral fins bluntly pointed, with I spine, 12 (rarely 11 or 13) rays; pelvic fins I, 5, spine not or barely reaching anal fin origin; tail fin bluntly rounded; scales with a toothed keel at rear + small teeth, 51-56 along side; lateral line arched.

Pink to reddish, silvery below; fins whitish.

Reaches 15 cm.

On and above the bottom.

Depth range: 68-594 m.

The W Atlantic, New Jersey to the hump of Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 15
Depth Range Min
  • 68
Depth Range Max
  • 594