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Species: Peristedion brevirostre, Flathead armored searobin

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head broad, rim wide, ends in strong spine
rostral plates short, broad
large nasal spine
barbels: lip 1 v long, chin 31-42

Peristedion brevirostre (Gunther, 1860)

Flathead armored searobin

Head and body flattened below, body completely covered in a heavy armor of 4 rows of bony spiny scales; body low and moderately broad; head wide, flat, bony rim around its side edge wide, ending in a large spine; large spine at nostril, no spine at base of snout plates; snout long and very broad, rostral plates very short (length usually < eye), broad based; barbels: 1 very long lower lip barbel; 32-42 chin barbels in 7 clusters; preopercular spine long; opercular spine very long; dorsal fin divided into separate spiny and soft parts, VIII + 17, both parts high; anal fin without spines, 17; pectoral fin 12 + 2 free rays, fin is long; pelvic fins wide apart, below base of pectorals, I,5 rays; front edge of first spiny plate under belly at or before bony pelvic girdle.

Head and body reddish.

Reaches 28 cm.

Found on sand/mud and hard bottoms.

Depth range: 55-550 m.

The Gulf of Mexico to the S Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef and soft bottom
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 28
Depth Range Min
  • 55
Depth Range Max
  • 550