Species: Dysomma anguillare, Shortbelly eel
Dysomma anguillare Barnard, 1923
Body stout; anus far forward, just behind pectoral tip; snout bulbous, elongate, tip fleshy, a few inconspicuous pleats at front, with small papillae, overhangs mouth; eye small; mouth large, gape extending well behind eye; front nostril tubular, rear nostril large, with a raised rim, on side of snout below mid-eye level; upper jaw teeth tiny, in irregular multiple rows; lower jaw teeth larger, widely spaced, ~10; a row of 4 large compound teeth on roof of mouth preceded by a pair of sideways oriented teeth; gill openings low on body, well separated, below pectorals; dorsal and anal fins well developed, confluent with tail fin, dorsal fin origin over pectoral base; scales absent; lateral line almost complete.
Pallid, tan above, white below, darker at the front; lower ½ of tail and tail fin dark; dorsal and anal fins whitish.
Reaches 52 cm.
Lives on mud bottoms, often at mouths of large rivers.
Depth range: 30-270 m.
The W Atlantic and Indo-W Pacific; the Gulf of Mexico to the Orinoco area.
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- Inshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Bottom only
- Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
- Soft bottom only
- FishBase Habitat
- Feeding Group
- No Data
- Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
- Bony fishes
- Egg Type
- Pelagic larva
- Global Endemism
- Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
- Greater Caribbean non-endemic
- Regional Endemism
- Continent only
- GC non-endemic
- Climate Zone
- Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
- Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
- Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
- IUCN Red List
- Not evaluated / Listed
- Not listed
- Length Max
- Depth Range Min
- Depth Range Max