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Species: Coptodon rendalli, Redbreast Tilapia

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

brown, 7-9 bars, operculum spot
lower head & body, A & lower C red
C pearl spots
D pearl spots, dark spot front base 1st rays
juv: 5-7 dark bars, dark spot front base soft D
lower gill rakers 7-10

Coptodon rendalli (Boulenger, 1897)

Redbreast Tilapia

Body an elongate oblong; head profile convex; 1 pair of nostrils; top jaw highly protrusible; teeth short, broad, very stout, 2-pointed, close set, outer row immovable or nearly so; toothed throat apparatus: lower plate broadly triangular, as wide as long, bottom keel shorter than depth of triangular toothed surface, rear teeth with 2-4 points; gill rakers simple, lower gill rakers 7-10; one dorsal fin XIV-XVI, 12-13, without a notch between spines and rays; anal fin III, 9-10; lateral line in 2 straight overlapping sections, with 28-34 large scales.

Adults olive-green to brown, often with scattered blue scales; a blackish blotch on upper corner of operculum; bases of scales on body with dark crescent marks; 2 indistinct dark bars on head (through eye and on nape) and 5-7 on body and tail base; dorsal fin olive, with a thin yellowish to red outer edge, pearly spots on soft rays and a dark blotch on base of first rays in adults; tail fin olive with pearl spots above, red to yellowish below; belly, throat and anal fin reddish. Juveniles: 5-7 dark bars on body; pelvics colorless; soft dorsal fin barred, a dark spot at base of front rays.

Reaches 45 cm; 2 kg.

Primarily freshwater, but in brackish water up to ~ 19 ppt salinity.

Depth range: 0-3 m.

Central Africa; introduced to our region for aquaculture.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Omnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Insects
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Phytoplankton
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Exotic (Introduced)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Exotic (Introduced)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 45
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 3