Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Paranisotremus moricandi, the Burro

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~6 white-edged black stripes
tail base: 2 dark spots at top, black & white ocellus in center

Paranisotremus moricandi (Ranzani, 1842)

Burro

Body deep, compressed, back high; head short, blunt; rear margin of bone under eye concealed by scales; mouth small, low, ~horizontal, lips fleshy; teeth in bands on jaws, outer ones larger, conical, none on center roof of mouth; a pair of conspicuous pores plus a central groove under the chin; 15-16 lower gill rakers; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal continuous but deeply notched, 4th spine longest, XII, 15-17; anal with III strong spines, 2nd very large, 9 soft rays; tail forked; scales moderate to large, rough, over entire body and head except front of snout, lips and chin, none on membranes between dorsal and anal soft rays; lateral-line scales 56-58; 7-8 scale rows between lateral line and base of first dorsal spine.

Pale yellowish tan; head blackish, with a broad silvery bar behind eye, 2 silvery stripes under eye, a black spot at top rear corner of operculum; body with 4-6 blackish stripes, bordered above and below by white stripes; a black spot surrounded by white on center of base of tail fin, 2 black spots on upper tail base; pelvics black, other fins yellowish; inside mouth and throat red.

Size: to 18 cm.

Habitat: hard bottoms in turbid waters.

Depth: 0-12 m.

SW Caribbean to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continental primarily
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Endangered
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 12