Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Cynoscion regalis, Weakfish, Gray Weakfish, Weakfish Seatrout

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

upper body: irregular, interconnected dotted stripes
D2 inner 1/2 scale covered
C straight/slightly concave
inner lower teeth: rear larger, widely spaced
A 11-13
pectoral > pelvic
body scales large, rough, = /larger than LL scales

Cynoscion regalis (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Weakfish, Gray Weakfish, Weakfish Seatrout

Elongate and moderately compressed; mouth large, oblique, lower jaw slightly projecting; teeth in multiple rows with 2 large canines at tip of upper jaw, inner row of teeth on lower jaw widely spaced, enlarged, increasing in size to rear; gill rakers long, 14-17; no pores or barbels on chin; 1 marginal pore on snout; preoperculum smooth; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal rays X + I, 25-29; anal rays II (weak), 11-13; pectoral fins slightly > than pelvic fins; rear margin of tail straight to slightly concave; scales on body large and rough; equal to or larger than lateral line scales; soft dorsal with basal half covered in small scales; lateral line arched anteriorly and straight well before level of anus, extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Body grey-green above, silvery below; back with small dark spots forming undulating oblique dotted or reticulating lines; pelvic and anal fins yellowish, other fins pale; inside operculum dark, visible externally.

Size: reaches 98 cm; IGFA record 9.0 kg; 17 y max age.

Inhabits shallow coastal sand and sand-mud bottoms; common along beaches.

Depth: 1-26 m.

Nova Scotia to S Florida, uncommon on the SW coast of Florida.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Beach
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Endangered
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 98
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 26