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Species: Starksia smithvanizi, Brokenbar blenny

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bars: 7, wide interspaces, penultimate incomplete - spots above & below
male: blue-white spots on cheek, spot front D
lips barred
female: pectoral base 2 red spots

Starksia smithvanizi Williams & Mounts, 2003

Brokenbar blenny

Body elongate, compressed; bluntly pointed head; eye, nostril and nape cirri unbranched; dorsal fin XIX (XIX-XX), 9 (8-9), a notch between spines and rays; 1st anal spine of male long, free from rest of fin, modified as sexual organ; no ridge or fold along anal fin base; pectorals usually 13; pelvic fins I (internal), 2, inserted before pectoral base; all fin rays unbranched; lateral line continuous, front section arched, rear section straight, 15 (15-16) + 18-20 scales; belly and pectoral base naked; smooth scales on rear of body.

Head and body grey brown to reddish brown; 5 small black spots along rear edge of eye; lips with dark bars; body with 7 dark bars (that extend onto dorsal fin base) separated by broad pale interspaces, 2nd last bar on tail base incomplete, usually with 2 small distinct spots above and sometimes lower part breaking into spots; tail fin orangish; anal fin with an orange-yellow stripe along edge, a dark stripe inside that; male: head with small blue-white spots on side,  a black spot  behind 1st dorsal spine; pectoral fin of female with 2 red spots on base.

Reaches 2.3 cm.

Lives in rock faces and in boulders in seagrass areas.

Depth range: 0-6 m.

The E and SE Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Sessile worms
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Live birth
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Antilles endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 2.3
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 6