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Species: Pseudogilbia sanblasensis, San Blas Brotula

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eyes large
cheek scaled
lower rear corner top jaw - knob
preoperculum - 1 lower pore
opercular spine visible
male sex organ - 2 pairs large, equal-sized claspers

Pseudogilbia sanblasensis Møller, Schwarzhans & Nielsen, 2004

San Blas Brotula

Body elongate, compressed, decreasing to slender tail base; head large, deep; front nostril is immediately above the top lip; eyes large (2.9% of SL); narrow between eyes (<7% of SL); lower jaw with 8 rows of teeth at front, 2 rows at rear, inner row with 15 large teeth; no central tooth patch at bottom of gill arches; top jaw bone expanded vertically at rear, a sharp projection at lower rear corner; jaw teeth pointed, in bands; preopercle with 1 pore above and 1 at lower rear corner; opercle with 1 flat spine at upper angle; 3 long gill rakers; pelvic fin = 1 short filament, inserted under edge of gill cover; pectoral fin <16% of SL; dorsal and anal fins separate from tail; lateral line indistinct, continuous, complete, 2 rows of pores, upper row ~14 pores, row along flank ~25 pores; scales small, imbedded, covering body, a broad scale patch on cheek, reduced to 2-3 rows below; male sex organ with 2 pairs of pseudoclaspers, ~equal sized, very large, inner one like a forward pointing hook.

Preserved fish light brown; fins and inside mouth and gill chamber pale.

Reaches 7.5 cm.

Collected on reefs.

Depth: 0-5 m.

Known from a single specimen collected on the E Caribbean coast of Panama.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 7.5
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 5