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Species: Ogilbichthys tobagoensis, Tobago Brotula

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D 67-72
lower jaw: no fangs
cheek: no scales
LL indistinct

Ogilbichthys tobagoensis Møller, Schwarzhans & Nielsen, 2004

Tobago Brotula

Body elongate, strongly compressed; snout blunt and rounded, with a distinct depression over eye; wide between eyes (>7% of SL); front nostril is immediately above the top lip; lower jaw without fangs, with 2 outer rows of granular teeth and 2 inner rows of small pointed teeth, 1 row of each at sides; no central tooth patch at bottom of gill arches; rear of top jawbone covered by skin of top lip, with a small knob at lower corner; 3 pores at lower corner of preopercle, 1 at top of preopercle; opercular spine distinct; 3 elongate gill rakers on first gill arch; pectoral fin 17-19 rays; dorsal fin 67-72; anal fin 46-51; dorsal and anal fins separate from tail; lateral line indistinct; no scales on cheek; scales on belly, pectoral base and nape; male sex organ with 3 pairs of pseudoclaspers, outer pair 3 times size of inner rear pair, winglike, inner-front pair tiny, invisible without extraction, inner rear pair with a thorn.

Preserved fish uniform brown; fins translucent.

Reaches 3.3 cm.

Lives on rocky shoreline.

Depth range: 0-5 m.

Panama and Tobago.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 3.3
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 5