Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Leptophilypnus fluviatilis, Freshwater sleeper

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eyes above
head scaleless
D1 VI
opercle blue spot, belly 3 dark bars
lower jaw bones meet under rear mouth
body scales rough, laterals 28-36

Leptophilypnus fluviatilis Meek & Hildebrand, 1916

Freshwater sleeper

Elongate, body not much deeper than wide at front, compressed at rear; eyes near top of head, distance between them about equal to eye diameter; mouth large, oblique, and lower jaw prominently projecting; bones of lower jaw broad, meeting under rear edge of mouth, leaving an oval, naked area on chin; teeth small, pointed, in bands, none on center of roof of mouth; no preopercular spine; gill opening extending forward nearly to vertical from rear margin of eye; 6-7 short lower gill rakers, not overlapping when depressed; gill membranes broadly joined to throat, with 6 rays; dorsal fin VI + I, 9, base of 2nd dorsal < distance from the end of that base to tail fin; anal fin with I spine; pectoral 18-19; branched tail rays 11(11-12); pelvic fins I, 5, long, completely and widely separate; head, nape, and breast without scales; scales on trunk rough; 28-34 scales in lateral series; no lateral line.

Body pale tan with 4-5 prominent horizontal oval dark blotches on sides from pectoral fin to tail base, the last one largest and round; belly with 3 dark bars under the front three flank blotches; back with 4 dark saddles; nape and head mottled; a bar under eye, oblique stripe from eye to upper jaw connecting with stripe on other side, oblique stripe from rear of eye to preopercle; a blue spot on the lower 1/3 of the opercle; 1st dorsal fin with stripe above base and another along its edge, 2nd dorsal with several stripes; anal fin dusky in males, no pigment in females; pectoral base with spots on top and bottom; pelvic fins unpigmented in females and young males; tail fin  with 4-5  narrow dark bars; adult males with more intense body and fin colors, the anal fin reddish with a blackish border; the pelvics dark grey.

Reaches 7 cm.

Habitat: freshwater and estuaries.

Depth: 0-5 m.

Distribution: Panama to Honduras; has passed through the Panama Canal and been collected in the lower Pacific-side locks.


High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Non Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Freshwater
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Caribbean endemic
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 7
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 5