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Species: Sphoeroides tyleri, Bearded puffer

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

side with skin flaps
lower head & body: row ~10 indistinct spots
chin: each side very dark
prickles: most body before D level
upper part: dark mottling

Sphoeroides tyleri Shipp, 1972

Bearded puffer

Body oblong, thick, inflatable; head blunt; nasal organ on each side a short papilla with 2 small holes at end; eyes high on sides of head; jaws are a strong beak composed of 4 fused heavy powerful teeth with a central suture on each jaw; a slit-like gill opening in front of the pectoral fin base; a single short- based dorsal fin at rear of body; a similar-shaped anal fin with origin under or behind last few dorsal rays; dorsal rays 8, anal rays 7; pectoral usually 15-16; no pelvic fins; no spines in the fins; tail fin edge slightly rounded, with 10 main rays; tough scaleless skin; skin flaps on side, especially lower side; prickles over most of body before dorsal and anal fins.

Grey-brown above, white below; upper body & head with dark mottling; a row of ~10 indistinct dark spots along lower side, from the chin to the end of the tail base; chin very dark on sides, light at center.

Size: 12.5 cm.

Habitat: sponge and shell bottoms.

Depth: 10-80 m.

Colombia to Brazil.

    


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Sponges
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent only
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12.5
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 80