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Species: Canthigaster jamestyleri, Goldface toby

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D base - black spot
2 dark stripes: tail base to gill opening
C yellow + blue spots & streaks

Canthigaster jamestyleri Moura & Castro, 2002

Goldface toby

Body robust, slightly compressed, inflatable; head large, blunt; snout long and pointed; 1 pair of small hole-like nostrils; nape with crest between eyes and dorsal fin; eyes high on sides of head; jaws are a small beak composed of 4 fused heavy powerful teeth with a central suture on each jaw; a slit-like gill opening in front of the pectoral fin base; a single short- based dorsal fin at rear of body; a similar-shaped anal fin below the dorsal; no pelvic fins; no spines in the fins; dorsal fin 9 rays; anal fin 9 rays; pectoral fin 15-16 rays; tail fin rounded to bluntly straight, with 10 main rays; tough scaleless skin, head and body with scattered tiny spinules, no fleshy skin flaps.

Brown upper body, yellowish below; thin blue lines around eye and thin blue bars on snout, blue spots on much of body; tail fin yellow, with blue spots and streaks, without black upper and lower margins; dark stripes along upper and lower edges of tail base extending well forwards onto body; an irregular black spot at base of dorsal fin; flank and central part of tail base white.

Size: 10 cm.

Habitat: reefs.

Depth: 14-218 m.

N Carolina to the S Caribbean.

    


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Omnivore
  • Corallivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Benthic macroalgae/seagrasses
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Soft corals/hydroids
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Sessile worms
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 14
Depth Range Max
  • 218