Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Canthigaster figueiredoi, South Atlantic Sharpnose Puffer, Two-stripe Sharpnose-puffer

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2 black stripes: tail base to gill opening
C: base - 2 black spots, upper & lower margins thinly black

Canthigaster figueiredoi Moura & Castro, 2002

Two-stripe Sharpnose-puffer, South Atlantic Sharpnose Puffer

Body robust, slightly compressed, inflatable; head large, blunt; snout long and pointed; 1 pair of small hole-like nostrils; nape with crest between eyes and dorsal fin; eyes high on sides of head; jaws are a small beak composed of 4 fused heavy powerful teeth with a central suture on each jaw; a slit-like gill opening in front of the pectoral fin base; a single short- based dorsal fin at rear of body; a similar-shaped anal fin below the dorsal; no pelvic fins; no spines in the fins; dorsal fin 10 (9-10) rays; anal fin 9 rays; pectoral fin 15-16 rays; tail fin rounded to bluntly straight, with 10 main rays; tough scaleless skin, head and body with scattered tiny spinules, no fleshy skin flaps.

Pale brown upper body, whitish below; thin blue lines around eye and thin blue bars on snout; 2 narrow black stripes along body and tail base, reaching forwards to before pectoral fin, 1 from upper corner of operculum to the upper base of the tail fin, the other from just before the pectoral base to the end of the tail base; tail fin with a small black spot at the upper and lower corners of its base, thin dark lines along the front half of the upper and lower margins.

Size: 12 cm.

Habitat: reefs.

Depth: 1-108 m.

SE Caribbean to NE Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Corallivore
  • Data
  • Omnivore
  • Data
  • Soft corals/hydroids
  • Sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa
  • Benthic macroalgae/seagrasses
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Sessile worms
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 108