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Species: Cantherhines macrocerus, Whitespotted filefish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

brown + large orange blotches, +/- white spots
tail base: 2 pr strong yellow spines
juvenile: black + white spots

Cantherhines macrocerus (Hollard, 1853)

Whitespotted filefish

Body oblong, deep, compressed; a long pointed snout; a small mouth that opens at front; teeth moderately strong, six in outer row on top jaw and six or less on outer row on bottom jaw; gill opening a short slit on side before pectoral base; 2 dorsal fins, 1st with II spines, 1st spine over front ½ of eye,  robust, relatively straight, with barbed rear side, can be locked in position by small 2nd spine, folds down into deep groove on top of back; 2nd dorsal fin 34-36; anal fin 29-32; pectoral rays usually 14; median fins rays unbranched; two pairs of strong spines on tail base; tail fin edge straight to rounded; pelvic fins present as a spine protruding from a patch of large scales, that patch fixed, not moveable vertically; lower belly flap large; scales minute, innumerable, skin rough; no patch of enlarged scales above pectoral base; lateral line inconspicuous.

Color variable: brown or irregular mixtures of brown and orange; often pale spots over much of body and head, and a pair at the top and bottom of the end of the tail base; spines on tail base yellow. Juvenile black with many whitish spots

Size: reaches 40 cm.

Inhabits coral and rocky reefs.

Depth: 3-93 m.

Bermuda to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Corallivore
  • Omnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Soft corals/hydroids
  • Sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Benthic macroalgae/seagrasses
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Benthic
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Also in Brazil
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 93
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Length Max
  • 40