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Species: Johnsonina eriomma, Bullseye spikefish

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back: large black, orange & white ocellus

Johnsonina eriomma Myers, 1935

Bullseye spikefish

Body deep, slightly compressed; eye large; mouth small, opens at front; teeth conical, 1 series on each jaw; gill opening a short vertical slit before pectoral base; dorsal fin origin usually behind top corner of gill opening; VI dorsal spines, the first long and strong, decreasing in size to rear, spines can be locked upright; 15 (14-16) soft rays; pectoral 15 (14-16) rays; anal fin 15 (14-16); fin rays branched; pelvic fin with a large spine and 1 inconspicuous ray; ventral surface of scale-covered part of pelvis flat, long and tapering, wide at front between pelvic spines; skin thick, rough, covered with numerous small scales, each with tiny spines.

Head and body pale pinkish-brown, upper half marbled with orange-pink; side of rear of back with a large ocellus, with a roughly circular black center surrounded by a narrow orange ring, that surrounded by a broad white ring; iris white; lining of stomach cavity dark, with irregular darker blotches; inside gill chamber dark to pale.

Reaches 16 cm.

Found on soft bottoms.

Depth range: 230-730 m.

The Bahamas to the SW Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Insular primarily
  • All species
  • GC endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 16
Depth Range Min
  • 230
Depth Range Max
  • 730