Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Trinectes paulistanus, Slipper sole, Southern Hogchoker Sole, Southern hogchoker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body: ~8 thin bars; LL row dark spots
fins - rows spots
D 54-60; A 40-45
eyes not tiny (40-56% snout)
eye-side pectoral usually present (1 ray)

Trinectes paulistanus (Miránda-Ribiero, 1915)

Slipper sole, Southern hogchoker

Body oval; eyes on right side, not tiny (40-56% of snout length); head short and deep; front margin of head with short tentacles; snout rounded; mouth small, oblique, a little under snout; lips fleshy; rear edge of preopercle covered with skin, visible as a superficial groove; gill openings wide, united before pelvic fins; without opening connecting gill chambers on both sides; dorsal 54-60 rays, origin above lower eye; anal rays 40-45; eye-side pectoral fin normally with a single ray; pelvic fin on eye side fused to anal; lateral line from head to tail, straight, with perpendicular branches running across body; body covered with rough scales; scales on front of head enlarged, 4-5 rows on preopercle, 8-10 rows on opercle.

Eye-side brown, body with ~8 narrow dotted dark crossbars, a line of dark dots along the body midline, scattered dark dots, and, sometimes, a large dark blotch at base of dorsal and anal fin at mid-body level; dorsal, anal and tail fins with dark spots in rows.

Size: to 18 cm.

Habitat: estuaries and hypersaline lagoons.

Depth: 0-16 m.

NW Caribbean to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Hypersaline
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Insects
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends South of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent only
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • All species..
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 16