Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Trinectes maculatus, Hogchoker, Hogchoker Sole

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eye side: thin cross-lines + dark botches
fins strongly marked
eye side cirri: scattered patches & single, scattered, & in lines on cross-lines
D 50-60; A 36-44
no pectoral
both pelvics 4 rays
blind side often spotted

Trinectes maculatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Hogchoker, Hogchoker Sole

Body oval; eyes on right side, small but not tiny, >40% of snout length; head short and deep; front margin of head with short tentacles; snout rounded; mouth small, oblique, a little under snout; lips fleshy; rear edge of preopercle covered with skin, visible as a superficial groove; gill openings wide, united before pelvic fins; without opening connecting gill chambers on both sides; dorsal 50-60 rays, origin above lower eye; anal rays 36-44; usually no pectoral fin (rarely a single ray) on eye side; pelvic fin on eye side fused to anal; both pelvic fins 4 rays; lateral line from head to tail, straight, with perpendicular branches running across body; body covered with rough scales; eye side with scattered patches of cirri and dispersed, single cirri, those in lines on dark cross-lines; 90-98 lateral line scales.

Eye-side mid-brown, with ~ 7-8 thin dark cross-lines and dark blotches on outer parts; dorsal, anal and tail fins strongly marked with spots and blotches; blind side often partly or entirely with dark spots and blotches

Size: to 21.2 cm.

Habitat: muddy bottoms estuarine, also moves well up coastal streams.

Depth: 0-75 m.

Massachusetts to the Gulf of Mexico; Cuba and the Bahamas.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 21.2
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 75