Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Trinectes maculatus, Hogchoker sole, the hogchoker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

~7-8 thin dark crossbars
fins spotted
D 50-56; A 36-42
eyes not tiny (40-56% snout)
usually no pectorals

Trinectes maculatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)


Body oval; eyes on right side, small but not tiny, >40% of snout length; head short and deep; front margin of head with short tentacles; snout rounded; mouth small, oblique, a little under snout; lips fleshy; rear edge of preopercle covered with skin, visible as a superficial groove; gill openings wide, united before pelvic fins; without opening connecting gill chambers on both sides; dorsal 50-56 rays, origin above lower eye; anal rays 36-42; usually no pectoral fin (rarely a single ray) on eye side; pelvic fin on eye side fused to anal; lateral line from head to tail, straight, with perpendicular branches running across body; body covered with rough scales; 90-98 lateral line scales.

Eye-side mid-brown, with ~ 7-8 thin dark crossbars; dorsal, anal and tail fins spotted.

Size: to 21.2 cm.

Habitat: muddy bottoms estuarine, also moves well up coastal streams.

Depth: 0-75 m.

Massachusetts to the Gulf of Mexico.

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Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • All species.
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • All species..
  • GC non-endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 21.2
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 75