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Species: Gymnachirus texae, Fringed sole

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eye-side cirri long
body bars 1/2 width pale interspaces
C 4-6 complete & incomplete bars
complete body bars > 30
accessory LLs: usually < 8, 3rd 27-38 pores

Gymnachirus texae (Gunter, 1936)

Fringed sole

Body oval; eyes small, on right side; snout rounded; mouth small, arched, a little below snout; lips fleshy; rear edge of preopercle covered with skin; gill openings wide, united before pelvic fins; dorsal origin ~before level of eye; pelvic on eye side fused to anal; pectorals present or absent; no scales, body covered with loose skin, with long cirri on pale spaces between dark bars; lateral line from head to tail, straight, 5-9 (usually < 8) accessory lines across main line on right side, 3rd accessory LL 27-38 (21-48) pores.

Eye side of adults with 25-49 (usually >30) dark narrow (1/2 width of pale interspaces) complete and partial cross bars across body and dorsal and anal fins; tail with 4-6 complete and incomplete crossbars. Juvenile may be all dark.

Reaches 15 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms, entering brackish water.

Depth range: 20-187 m, usually 55-90 m.

The Gulf of Mexico and the NW Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 15
Depth Range Min
  • 20
Depth Range Max
  • 187