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Species: Citharichthys cornutus, Horned Whiff

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eyes large
snout with spine
male: long snout spine, long top pectoral ray
eye-side pelvic 6
pectoral base - dark
LL straight, 40-45
snout with scales

Citharichthys cornutus (Gunther, 1880)

Horned Whiff

Body relatively deep (46-51% of SL); female with a small spine on snout, male with a large spine projecting forwards on snout, 1-2 spines from rim of each eye, 1 small spine from rear end of lower jaw; eyes on left side, relatively large (39-44% of head length), lower eye forward, close-set in female, separated by about 1/2 eye diameter in male; mouth medium length (upper jaw 39-44% of head length), ends under center of lower eye; teeth ~equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series of fixed teeth on each jaw, front teeth enlarged, no canines; gill rakers long and slender, 3-5+11-15; dorsal fin 74-84 rays; anal fin 59-67 rays; pectoral fins on both sides of body, with branched rays, eye side fin of male with 1st ray greatly elongated; pelvics symmetrically positioned on belly, base of eye-side fin on body midline, short bases, 6 rays; tail fin rounded; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; lateral line well developed on both sides, eye-side line ~straight, from edge of opercle to tail base, no branch under lower eye; scales rough on eye side, smooth on blind side, 40-45 on lateral line; snout partly covered with scales.

Generally tan, base of pectoral fin dark; sometimes several dark spots on dorsal and anal fins; often 2 spots on rear border of tail fin, one above the other.

Reaches 10 cm.

Lives on soft and hard bottoms.

Depth range: 110-300 m.

N Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 110
Depth Range Max
  • 300