Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Peprilus paru, American harvestfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body depth 57-88% SL
no spots
no large pores under front D
D & A: front long & curved
D lobe long
A lobe short
top teeth single point
pectoral pale

Peprilus paru (Linnaeus, 1758)

American harvestfish

Body highly compressed, an elongate oval, depth 57-88% SL; eye with a fatty ring around it; snout short, mouth small, oblique, ends before or under front of eye; jaw teeth compressed, top teeth 1 point, in 1 row, no teeth on roof of mouth; dorsal and anal fins long based, with II-IV small, flattened, leaf-like spines, front lobes long and curved; dorsal fin lobe relatively long (length > 83% of length of lower caudal lobe); anal fin lobe relatively short;  no pelvic fins, but a small spine projecting from pelvis; pectoral fins long and pointed; tail fin deeply forked, stiff; scales very small, smooth, very easily shed; dorsal and anal fins covered with scales lateral line high, follows upper body profile, almost complete; no series of large pores along front half of body under dorsal fin.

Pale blue to green above; silvery with golden tint below; pectorals translucent; body without spots.  

Size: grows to 30 cm.

Habitat: pelagic, forms large schools in inshore waters and bays.

Depth: 0-136 m.  

Chesapeake Bay to the Caribbean.

Note: The sister species of P. paru is P. xanthurus. The northern limits of the distribution of the latter and the southern limits of the distribution of the former, and the extent to which their ranges overlap along northern S America, are not known.


High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Water column
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Pelagic jellyfish/ctenophores
  • Zooplankton
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • All species
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 136