Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Scomberomorus brasiliensis, Serra, Serra Mackerel, Sierra Spanish Mackerel

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

3-4 rows orange spots, no stripe
D1: front 1/3 black
D2 15-19, usually 18 or less
gill rakers 11-16
pectoral not scaled
LL gradually curves to tail base

Scomberomorus brasiliensis Collette, Russo & Zavala-Camin, 1978

Serra, Sierra Spanish Mackerel, Serra Mackerel

Elongate, strongly compressed; snout shorter than rest of head; no fatty eyelid; rear of top jawbone exposed when mouth is closed; teeth strong, compressed, triangular or knife-like; gill rakers 11-16 (1-3+9-13); 2 dorsal fins, very close together, the first relatively low with XVII-XVIII spines; second dorsal higher than first, with 15-19 (usually 18 or less) rays followed by 8-10 finlets; anal fin similar in shape and height to second dorsal, with 15-21 rays followed by 8-10 finlets; pectoral fins without scales except on bases; 1 large + 2 small keels on tail base; tail fin deeply forked; no corselet of scales developed; lateral line, gradually curving down toward tail base.

Greenish blue on back, silvery on lower sides and belly; flank with 3-4 rows of numerous oval yellow to bronze spots (more in large fish - up to 45-60); no streaks on body; front 1/3 of first dorsal fin jet black.

Size: attains 142 cm; 6.7 kg

Habitat: occurs in schools in coastal seas, enters estuaries.

Depth: 0-15 m.

The NW Caribbean to Argentina.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 142
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 15