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Species: Sarda sarda, Atlantic bonito

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D1 XX-XXIII
D1 & 2 close but separate
upper body - many oblique stripes
tongue - no ridges
body all scaled, front corselet of heavy scales

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Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793)

Atlantic bonito

Elongate, a little compressed; no fatty eyelids; top of tongue without cartilaginous crests; jaw teeth conical, large, prominent, 10-30 on each side of each jaw; 16-22 gill rakers; two dorsal fins close together, XX-XXIII (upper profile ~straight) + 13-18; rays; anal 14-17 rays; 7-9 finlets after dorsal fins, 6-8 after anal fins; short, V shaped bony process between pelvic fins; 1 large + 2 small keels on tail base; tail fin deeply forked; lateral line conspicuously wavy; body covered with minute scales, well developed corselet of large scales on front of body.

Top blue-grey, darker on head; belly silver; 5-11 slightly oblique black stripes running along upper back; dorsals dusky, second dorsal white tip; tail dark grey; anal and pelvic white; pectoral grey.

Size: 102 cm; 11 kg.

Habitat: coastal surface pelagic.

Depth: 0-200 m.

Tropical and temperate coasts of the Atlantic. Newfoundland to Argentina.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Water column only
  • Surface
  • Near Surface
Habitat
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 102
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 200