Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Cerdale floridana, Pugjaw wormfish

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short, stubby body
pale, peppered above with dark dots
low membrane joines D & A to C
gill opening tubular
scales partly overlapping/slightly separated

Cerdale floridana Longley, 1934

Pugjaw wormfish

Elongate and eel like, but relatively short and stubby, (body height 7.7-12% of SL); small eyes on side of head; front nostril a short, widely flared tube, rear nostril a pore with a raised rim; mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting, snout and lower jaw rounded; tongue with blunt, straight tip; lower lip entire, not notched below anterior nostril; 2 rows of teeth on each jaw, conical outer row, chisel-like inner row; gill opening a tube at front lower margin of pectoral fin base; one, long based continuous dorsal fin, XII-XIV, 31-33 (30-34); anal fin 0, 30-31 (28-33); dorsal and anal fins usually connected to caudal by a low membrane; pectoral fin 13-14 (13-15); pelvic fins minute, I, 3 rays; scales separate to close-set and partly overlapping; body and head covered with small, smooth scales except on snout and lower jaw; no lateral line.

Pale tan to yellowish green, upper body peppered with small dots.

Reaches 9 cm.

Lives hidden in small crevices in corals, rocks and wood in coastal areas.

Depth range 1-30 m.

Bermuda to the S Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 9
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30