Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Psilotris kaufmani, Kaufman’s Goby, Tunnel Goby

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

3 black bars across head
white + irregular yellow-brown spots, 3 internal black bars
C white, black basal bar + yellow spots
pectoral: upper 1/2 black, lower 1/2 white
D2 & A usually 10
no scales

Psilotris kaufmani Greenfield, Findley & Johnson, 1993

Kaufman’s Goby, Tunnel Goby

Body slightly compressed; head rounded, no head pores; front nostril tubular, rear nostril a hole with a raised rim; top jaw short, ending under front of pupil; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VII, first two elongate, + I, 9-10; length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; pectoral fins 16-19; anal fin I, 10 (9-10); pelvic fins I,5, completely separate, no frenum between spines or membrane connecting inner rays, rays 1-4 branched, without fleshy or flattened tips, extend half way to anus; tail fin rounded; no scales; no lateral line.

Body bluey silver, with irregular, golden-brown spots, each spot outlined by small dark dots; sides with a series of irregular spots; head with 3 prominent bars radiating from below the eye, rear bar the darkest; top of body with 6 golden-yellow butterfly saddles; rear body with 3 internal black bars; dorsal fins with yellow-brown spots forming oblique bars; pectoral fin with upper 1/2 black, lower 1/2 white; pelvic fins white; tail fin white, a black bar at its base, fin crossed with 6 golden-yellow spotted bars.

Reaches 3.2 cm.

Habitat: drop off habitats with vertical faces or from spur and groove habitats just above the drop off.

Depth range: 11-27 m.

The Bahamas to the S Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 3.2
Depth Range Min
  • 11
Depth Range Max
  • 27