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Species: Oxyurichthys stigmalophius, Spotfin goby

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eyes large, protrude above head
flank: 6 large orange blotches, 2 blue stripes
D1 VI, large black blotch

Oxyurichthys stigmalophius (Mead & Bohlke, 1958)

Spotfin goby

Body robust, elongate;  snout round; eyes large, closeset, protrude above top profile; a low crest on top of nape; a pair of pores between eyes; no preopercular canals; mouth opens at front, slightly oblique; teeth:  15-18 large canines in single row above, a band of smaller, curved teeth below; 1st gill arch outer face with a fleshy lobular raker with 3 projections above, a pair of fused, elongate rakers in the angle and 3 triangular rakers below, inner face with 7 stubby rakers; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VI, (not elongate) + I, 12; length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; pectoral 22-23; anal I, 13; pelvic I, 5, fins united in a disc with a frenum; tail fin elongate, pointed in center (38-62% SL, 38-49% in female); scales weakly rough on upper body near tail base, front of body with smooth scales; no scales on head and nape; 87 (70-92) scales in lateral series; no lateral line.

Upper 1/3 of head and body pale bluey grey, lower parts pale; head with orange spots above, orangeish bars radiating down from eye, oblique bars follow edges of preoperculum and operculum; upper front body with irregular orange-brown spots; 5-6 large, dark-centered rounded orange-brown blotches along mid-side, those separated by a blue streak bordered above and below by narrow orange lines; a pink-orange bar on pectoral base; a conspicuous large black spot at rear first dorsal fin; dorsals and anal with pink stripes; tail fin with oblique pink stripes.

Reaches: 16.5 cm.

Habitat: Sand and mud bottoms; lives in snapping shrimp burrows.

Depth: 2-101 m.

The Bahamas to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • All species.
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Also in Brazil
  • Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species..
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 16.5
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 101