Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Elacatinus xanthiprora, Yellowprow Goby

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snout: narrow yellow bar
side stripe: narrow, yellow, top eye to C base
lower dark stripe narrow, extends onto C base
pectoral 19 (18-20)

Elacatinus xanthiprora (Böhlke & Robins, 1968)

Yellowprow Goby

Elongate; head compressed; mouth U-shaped, a little under snout; upper lip separated from snout by a groove; tongue straight edged; teeth in upper jaw in 2 rows, those of males with outer row of 2 enlarged fangs near rear; lower jaw with three large fangs, females also with enlarged canines; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VII + I, 11 (10-12); length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; anal fin I, 10; pectoral fins 20 (19-20); pelvic fins I, 5, disk complete; tail rounded; no scales; no lateral line.

Upper 2/3 of head and body blackish; snout with narrow median yellow bar; a narrow (<eye) bright yellow stripe on body from top of eye to tail fin base; dark stripe under yellow stripe is narrow, its lower edge well above anal fin base, extends onto tail fin base.

Reaches: 4.0 cm.

Habitat: Sponge dweller, but in northern part of its range is a parasite cleaner

Depth: 4-25 m.

N Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Sponges
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Ectoparasite cleaner
  • Data
  • Ectoparasites
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 4
Depth Range Min
  • 4
Depth Range Max
  • 25