Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Coryphopterus punctipectophorus, Spotted Goby, Spotted Sand-goby

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head : 3 orange stripes
body: 3 rows large red-brown spots
D2 10; A 9
pectoral 18-20, stripe above dark spot
pelvics: round disc
C base 2 dark spots

Coryphopterus punctipectophorus Springer, 1960

Spotted Goby, Spotted Sand-goby

Snout profile straight; a low crest on head; head pores present, usually 1 between center of eyes, 1 pair between rear nostrils; papillae on cheek in horizontal rows; mouth small, relatively horizontal; tongue truncate to broadly rounded; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VI + I, 10; length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; anal fin I, 9; pectoral fin 18-20; pelvic fins I,5, disk complete, rounded, joined at front, with frenum; tail fin with 17 segmented and 12-13 branched rays, straight edged; body covered with scales, scales large, rough, absent from head, 26-27 (25-28) in lateral series; no lateral line.

Translucent; top of head with a central orange line behind eye; 3 orange stripes outlined in black extend from behind eye to above pectoral fin, the bottom stripe extending onto the top of the pectoral base; a pale bluish stripe along cheek under the bottom orange stripe; two series of alternating orange blotches or spots along the flank; a large dark spot at lower base of pectoral fin; no dark triangle over operculum; two brown blotches on base of tail fin.

Reaches: to 7.5 cm.

Habitat: inhabits silty holes near the base of rocky reefs.

Depth: 2-45 m.

North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Detritivore
  • Omnivore
  • Data
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Detritus
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 7.5
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 45