Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Coryphopterus lipernes, Peppermint Goby, Peppermint Sand-goby

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2 pores between eyes
yellowish, blue around snout & eyes
black ring around anus
D2 & A: 9
pelvics separate

Coryphopterus lipernes Bohlke & Robins, 1962

Peppermint Goby, Peppermint Sand-goby

Snout profile slightly rounded; low crest on top of head; head pores present, 2 between center of eyes, 1 pair between rear nostrils; papillae on cheek in horizontal rows; mouth small, relatively horizontal; tongue straight edged to lobed; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VI (second spine elongate) + I, 9; length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; anal fin I, 9; pectoral fin 16-18; pelvic fins I, 5, almost completely separate, no membrane joining front of fins; body covered with scales, scales large, rough, absent from head, smooth on pectoral fin base, 26 in lateral series; no lateral line.

Head and body translucent yellow; top of snout blue, upper edge of eye blue, 3 blue lines back from eye, upper one very short, middle one back above belly, lower one to pectoral base; two dusky stripes on head behind eye; scales above midline outlined in dark pigment; anus centered in narrow dark ring, with reddish blotches.

Reaches 3 cm.

Habitat: Surface of live coral heads; usually solitary, but sometimes swims close to reef in small groups.

Depth: 6-125 m.

The Bahamas to the S Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Detritivore
  • Omnivore
  • Data
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Detritus
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 3
Depth Range Min
  • 6
Depth Range Max
  • 125