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Species: Bollmannia litura, Citrine goby

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eye large
cheek no scales
D2 & A 11-12
top lip no black stripe
pelvics v dark
Ds & top 1/2 C: orange ocelli

Bollmannia litura Ginsburg, 1935

Citrine goby

Body moderately elongate; head convex and moderately compressed; eyes large (diameter 10 -12.2% of SL); mouth large, very oblique; teeth in 2 rows, the outer row enlarged; front of roof of mouth no teeth; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VII (middle spines elongate in some fish) + I, 11-12 (rarely 13); length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; anal fin I, 11-12 (rarely 13); pectoral 20-23; pelvics fused to form disc, front margin of disc scalloped; tail fin long and lanceolate; scales large, rough; body, top of head, and nape fully scaled, 28 rows from upper angle of pectoral to base of tail fin; lower margin of cheek lacking scales; no lateral line.

Drab yellow, body often with median row of ~5 very faint blotches those not connected by a pale stripe; no black stripe above upper lip; iris dark; first dorsal with distinct black blotch; dorsal fins and top half of tail fin with dark bordered, oval yellowish-orange spots, the border of which is still visible in preservation; pelvic fins usually very dark, to black.

Reaches 7 cm.

Depth: 30-71 m.

Habitat: Mud bottom.

Hispaniola to the S Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Continental primarily
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Antilles endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 7
Depth Range Min
  • 30
Depth Range Max
  • 71