Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Guavina guavina, the Guavina

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head, long flat, wide, blunt, scaled
3 bars radiate back from eye
D1 VII
yellow margins: D1 & 2, A, pelvics, top & bottom C
scales smooth at front, rough behind
lateral scales 100-110

Guavina guavina (Valenciennes, 1837)

Guavina

Body elongate, head long, flattened, wide, blunt; mouth large, lower jaw projecting; teeth small conical, in several rows on jaws, the outer row on top jaw longer, but without canines;  gill membranes broadly joined to throat, with 6 rays; dorsal fin VII + I, 10, fins well separated, base of 2nd dorsal <distance from the end of that base to tail fin; anal fin I, 8-9; pectoral 16, broad and fan like; pelvic fins I, 5, long, completely and widely separate; scales rough at rear, smooth at front, small, ~110 in lateral series; top of head densely covered with smooth scales; no lateral line.

Head, body and fins dark brown to grayish brown; 3 dark stripes radiating back and down from eye, the top one continuing onto the base of the pectoral fin; dorsal fins with 3-4 irregular interrupted oblique stripes; outer edges of dorsals, anal and pelvic fins with a yellow stripe; top and bottom margins of tail fin with a yellow stripe.

Reaches: 30 cm.

Habitat: Found in fresh waters with access to the sea and in brackish to hypersaline waters.

Depth: 0-10 m.

Florida to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Also in Brazil
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10