Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Leurochilus acon, Smoothlip Stargazer

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head cónical
eyes not stalked
D in 3 parts
both lips - no skin flaps
head, throat, under-belly: no scales
LL arch ends under middle of D spines



Leurochilus acon Böhlke, 1968

Smoothlip Stargazer

Head moderate sized, conical; eyes on top of head, not on stalks, without cirri or papillae; tubular nostrils; mouth upturned, with a protruding lower jaw; no skin flaps on top or bottom lips; top corner of operculum with a broad flap with a few short points on its edge; dorsal fin X-XIV, 12-14, in 3 sections, 1st section a finlet of III spines on nape, then main fin, with a deep notch between spines and rays; anal fin 22-24 soft rays; pelvic fins inserted under throat, each with I, 3, rays thickened and free at the tips; scales large, smooth; head, nape, throat and underbelly scaleless; front arched section of lateral line short, (14-17 scales), bends down under middle of spiny section of dorsal fin, and under outer half of pressed-down pectoral fin; 19-22 scales on straight part.

Pale, sometimes with indistinct brown bars.

Reaches 3.6 cm.

Sand areas mixed with rock and rubble.

Depth range: 0-8 m.

The Bahamas to the SW Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Brooded
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 3.6
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 8